Complexity and Battle Management

Modern battle scenarios involve a huge amount of data and information. According to Wikipedia:

“Network-centric warfare, also called network-centric operations or net-centric warfare, is a military doctrine or theory of war pioneered by the United States Department of Defense in the 1990s.
It seeks to translate an information advantage, enabled in part by information technology, into a competitive advantage through the robust networking of well informed geographically dispersed forces. This networking—combined with changes in technology, organization, processes, and people—may allow new forms of organizational behavior.
Specifically, the theory contains the following four tenets in its hypotheses:

  • A robustly networked force improves information sharing;
  • Information sharing enhances the quality of information and shared situational awareness;
  • Shared situational awareness enables collaboration and self-synchronization, and enhances sustainability and speed of command; and
  • These, in turn, dramatically increase mission effectiveness.”

Now that complexity can be measured in real-time using the QCM engine OntoNet, we can take things to the next level: Complexity-Centric Warfare. The first step is to map the entire information flow obtained from a multitude of sensors onto a Complexity Map (before the enemy can trigger an EMP!). The map evidently changes in time as the battle evolves. The concept is illustrated below.

Clearly, sensors gather data about all the forces involved in a particular scenario. The combined map, showing two opposing forces, is illustrated below (clearly, an extremely simple example is shown). Experiments in Air Traffic Control conducted by Ontonix show that it is possible to track hundreds of airborne objects using radar and in real-time. A Massively Parallel Processing version of OntoNet (currently under development) will allow to process thousands of objects.

Once the maps are established, two issues of tactical character become evident:

  • Concentrate firepower on enemy hubs.
  • Protect your own hubs.

Hubs are easily identified once a Complexity Map is available. A more sophisticated target ranking approach is based on battle Complexity Profiling, which allows to ranks the various actors based on their footprint on the entire scenario. Clearly, just as a Complexity Map changes with time so will the Complexity profile.

And now to strategic issues. How to manage a battle using complexity? Simple. Fast scenario simulation technology provides numerous options to chose from. And how do you chose between, say, two very similar options? You take the one with lower complexity. In other words, you  try to steer the conflict in a way that reduces its complexity. The concept is illustrated below.

A less complex battle scenario is easier to manage. It is easier to comprehend.It allows for faster decision-making. It is easier to be more efficient in a less complex situation than a highly complex one. Finally, highly complex situations have the nasty habit of suddenly delivering surprising behavior. And in the worst possible moment. Sounds like one of Murphy’s laws.

Established originally in 2005 in the USA, Ontonix is a technology company headquartered in Como, Italy. The unusual technology and solutions developed by Ontonix focus on countering what most threatens safety, advanced products, critical infrastructures, or IT network security - the rapid growth of complexity. In 2007 the company received recognition by being selected as Gartner's Cool Vendor. What makes Ontonix different from all those companies and research centers who claim to manage complexity is that we have a complexity metric. This means that we MEASURE complexity. We detect anomalies in complex defense systems without using Machine Learning for one very good reason: our clients don’t have the luxury of multiple examples of failures necessary to teach software to recognize them. We identify anomalies without having seen them before. Sometimes, you must get it right the first and only time!

2 comments on “Complexity and Battle Management

  1. Pingback: Complexity and Battle Management | Ontonix QCM Blog

  2. According to MarketsandMarkets Research: Armed services, Defense system manufacturers, Defense software providers is Investing heavily on Network Centric Warfare market Download Information PDF to get crucial insights into Market


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