A Survey of “Complexity Measures”,,,,, Without Measures

We report verbatim a 1998 article A Survey of “Complexity Measures” by David P. Feldman and Jim Crutchfield. A more adequate title for this evasive article would be “A Survey of How Science Avoids to Measure Complexity”. Once you’ve read it, ask yourself this: can I use any of these measures to actually measure the…

The Sovereign Debt Iceberg

The irrational covid-19-induced destruction of our economy has exacerbated the north-south divisions in Europe and sparked debates on issues such as austerity, recovery funds, financial stability and, of course, national debts. But when speaking of national debts, economists consistently ignore, or forget, the issue of implicit debt and focus exclusively on explicit debt. We propose…

Complexity, Drug Toxicity and Drug Design

As the patents on many drugs, which have been launched in the 1990s, will soon expire, the pharmaceutical industry finds itself at a turning point in its evolution, particularly as far as research and development are concerned. As the pipelines of new products are shrinking, the exposure of many companies is increasing. This will surely…

Cellular Automatons and Complexity

From the Wikipedia: A cellular automaton is a discrete model studied in computability theory, mathematics, physics, complexity science, theoretical biology and microstructure modelling. It consists of a regular grid of cells, each in one of a finite number of states, such as “On” and “Off” (in contrast to a coupled map lattice). The grid can be in any finite number of dimensions. For each cell, a set of cells called…

The Covid-19 Infodemic: Manufacturing Precision

A recent article in Washington Times states: “In fact, COVID-19 will go down as one of the political world’s biggest, most shamefully overblown, overhyped, overly and irrationally inflated and outright deceptively flawed responses to a health matter in American history…” We are infected, but infected with fear. Thanks to the corrupt mainstream media, that have been…